Admission test for the degree course in Medicine and Surgery

Tempo trascorso

1. A study involving a brain-training exercise was carried out on more than a thousand adults aged 65 and over, some of whom later developed dementia. Results showed that the benefits of the five-week mental agility course undertaken by some of the adults lasted for at least five years. This led to an improvement in everyday activities such as money management and the ability to do housework. If those with trained brains developed dementia, they did so later than those in the control group. The results also showed that, for those people in the study who developed dementia, after the diagnosis their mental decline occurred faster than for those who had not undertaken the training. --- Which one of the following can be drawn as a conclusion from the above passage?

Keeping the mind active delays the onset of dementia.
All over-65s who undertake brain training live for at least five years afterwards.
Older people do not perform mentally challenging tasks unless forced to do so.
People do a decreasing amount of housework as they grow older.
It is preferable to have swift mental decline once dementia develops.
Non so rispondere

2. Once again it has become fashionable for householders to replace their carpets with wooden floors. Sales of laminate and solid floors, such as oak, have seen a massive increase in the last ten years. This trend seems more in tune with our eco-friendly aspirations: carpets are often plastic-based and use vast quantities of underlying material, or underlay, made from petrochemicals. For this reason, it seems unlikely that wooden floors will go out of fashion in the near future. --- Which one of the following, if true, most weakens the above argument?

Carpets can harbour dust mites and allergens
Not all wooden floors need a layer of underlay
Most types of laminate and wood floors use petrochemicals in their manufacture.
Sales of carpets made of synthetic materials have decreased in the last ten years while woollen carpets have seen an increase
Wooden floors may look longer-lasting but can be more easily damaged than carpets.
Non so rispondere

3. According to the current mainstream scientific view, Near Death Experiences (NDEs) are explicable in purely physiological terms. Specifically, they are caused by cerebral anoxia (oxygen deficiency in brain tissue), which occurs in a dying brain. On the other hand, recent research on hundreds of successfully resuscitated cardiac patients found that only twenty per cent reported NDEs. If NDEs had purely medical causes then most of the patients should have experienced them, since they had all been clinically dead and experienced cerebral anoxia. NDEs therefore do not have purely physiological causes. --- Which one of the following best expresses the main conclusion of the above passage?

Not all clinically dead patients have NDEs.
NDEs are a physical property of the human brain.
NDEs are caused by oxygen deficiency in the brain.
Not all successfully resuscitated cardiac patients have NDEs
NDEs are not necessarily caused by physical events alone.
Non so rispondere

4. Increasingly, the quality of a teacher, and of his or her lessons, is to be judged by feedback from their pupils. This is dangerous, as pupils have a tendency to focus too much on whether or not they enjoyed the lesson, in other words, on how much ‘fun’ they found it. The purpose of education, however, is not to keep children entertained; it is not to make their lives more fun. Arguably, it is not even to make them happier, per se. The purpose of schools is to make their pupils better, more educated people. This is all that matters, and therefore it is whether the teacher succeeds at this – not at being a children’s entertainer – that counts. --- Which one of the following is a flaw in the above argument?

By simply asserting that the purpose of education is not even to make people happier, the argument rests on a questionable contention
It fails to consider that enjoying lessons could result in pupils ending up better educated.
It patronises young people by thinking that their judgement will be based solely on how much fun they found the lesson
It doesn’t specify precisely what it means by making someone a better, more educated person
The comparison with being a children’s entertainer is an unfair exaggeration of what a teacher tries to do by making lessons more fun
Non so rispondere

5. Researchers have tried to establish reasons for a recent drop in the catch of marlin near the Madeira coast. This drop cannot be explained by environmental conditions; there was no significant change in the temperature or composition of the region’s water. Nor could one blame the human factor, because the size of the fishing fleet, catch quotas and pollution levels have been strictly observed. The environmentalists then analysed the records of the fishing catch of marlin over the last six centuries. This research identified that regular five-year periods of significant decrease in the catch alternated with fifteen-year periods of gradual growth of the catch. In view of this, the study concluded that the current drop in the marlin catch is part of a long-term cycle related to fish migration and food-chain balance. --- Which one of the following is an underlying assumption of the above argument?

The change in fishing technology has affected the change in the fishing catch.
There is no correlation between the fishing catch today and the deep-sea stock of marlin in the sixteenth century.
The records provide accurate information about the catch of marlin off the Madeira coast.
The fishing catch of marlin around Madeira does not depend on the condition of the water around the island.
Climate change did not affect the temperature of ocean water off the Madeira coast.
Non so rispondere

6. A student packs books into a box which is 20 cm high, 30 cm wide, and 40 cm long. She ties string around the box in the pattern shown. A further 20 cm of string is needed for a knot. --- What length of string is needed to tie up her box?

3.8 m
5.4 m
2.0 m
2.6 m
2.9 m
Non so rispondere

7. The plan of a domestic lawn with dimensions in metres is shown below. The lawn area is to be reseeded. Seed must be applied at the rate of 50 grams per square metre. Appropriate grass seed is available only in the following quantities: --- What is the least amount of money that needs to be spent to buy sufficient seed to reseed the lawn?

Non so rispondere

8. Five girls competed in five events at their sports day. The following scoring system was used for each event: Before the events started, each girl nominated the event in which they wished to play their joker card – this doubled the number of points gained in that event. The table below shows the results of each event and the athletes’ final points scores: --- How many of the girls won the event in which they had elected to play their joker?

Non so rispondere

9. At the Shawilde Theatre, tickets are priced as follows: Front stalls £35 Centre stalls £28 Rear stalls £20 Every row in the theatre contains 30 seats. Last night’s performance was a sell-out and the ticket sales were £21 000. Exactly 60% of this income came from tickets for the centre stalls, and the rest was split equally between the front stalls and the rear stalls. How many rows of seats make up the centre stalls at the Shawilde Theatre?

Non so rispondere

10. Which one of the following literary works does NOT originate in the corresponding country?

The Poems of Rumi – China
The Tale of Genji – Japan
Oedipus Rex – Greece
The Divine Comedy – Italy
Don Quixote – Spain
Non so rispondere

11. Which one of the following composed the opera Madama Butterfly?

Giuseppe Verdi
Giacomo Puccini
Gioachino Rossini
Georges Bizet
Richard Wagner
Non so rispondere

12. Which one of the following plays by William Shakespeare is NOT set in Italy?

Much Ado About Nothing
A Midsummer Night’s Dream
The Taming of the Shrew
Romeo and Juliet
Non so rispondere

13. Which one of the following writers is the author of the novel To Kill a Mockingbird?

Georges Simenon
Iris Murdoch
Harper Lee
Elena Ferrante
Ernest Hemingway
Non so rispondere

14. The 'prisoner’s dilemma' is a common example analysed in the field of

Quantum theory
Network theory
Asymptotic theory
Chaos theory
Game theory
Non so rispondere

15. Who was the first woman to be awarded a Nobel Prize?

Marie Curie
Mother Teresa
Grazia Deledda
Selma Lagerlöf
Doris Lessing
Non so rispondere

16. Which one of these events in world history happened most recently?

The October Revolution in the Russian Empire
The fall of the Western Roman Empire
The Taiping Rebellion in China
The building of the Taj Mahal
The crowning of Charlemagne
Non so rispondere

17. Which one of the following religions is NOT considered to have been revealed to or founded by an individual?

Non so rispondere

18. The governance of modern states is often based on the separation of which three powers?

Legislative – elective – jurisprudential
Legislative – executive – judicial
Electoral – regulatory – jurisprudential
Regulatory – executive – judicial
Legislative – elective – executive
Non so rispondere

19. The Constitution of the Italian Republic was enacted on 22 December 1947 by

The Supreme Court
The Ministry of Justice
The Ministry of Defence
The Constituent Assembly
The Government
Non so rispondere

20. Which one of the following is NOT a stated purpose of the United Nations?

To maintain international peace and security
To develop friendly relations among nations
To encourage peaceful trade between nations
To achieve international co-operation in solving international problems
To be a centre for harmonizing the actions of nations
Non so rispondere

21. Which one of the following countries did NOT adopt the coins and banknotes of the Euro as its currency on 1 January 2002?

Non so rispondere

22. Which of the following rows are correct about these naturally occurring biological molecules?

1, 2 and 4 only
1, 2 and 3 only
1, 3 and 4 only
2, 3 and 4 only
1, 2, 3 and 4
Non so rispondere

23. Which of the following is/are tissues? 1 cartilage 2 skin 3 endothelium

1, 2 and 3
1 and 2 only
1 and 3 only
2 and 3 only
1 only
Non so rispondere

24. Which of the following statements about the metabolism of plants is/are correct? 1 CO2 is produced during the day. 2 CO2 is produced at night. 3 The CO2 produced can be used by the plant.

1, 2 and 3
1 only
2 only
2 and 3 only
1 and 2 only
Non so rispondere

25. Which one of the following occurs during anaphase of mitosis in a healthy human liver cell?

Chromatin condenses so that the chromosomes are visible under the microscope.
Sister chromatids are pulled by the spindle fibres towards opposite poles of the cell
Chromosomes move towards the equator of the cell and attach to the spindle fibres
DNA replicates so that each chromosome is made up of two sister chromatids
Centrioles migrate to opposite poles of the cell and help to assemble the spindle fibres
Non so rispondere

26. Which row shows a correct component of each of the three structures listed?

row 1
row 2
row 3
row 4
row 5
Non so rispondere

27. Beetroot is a root vegetable with cells that contain a red pigment. Normally the pigment cannot pass out of the cells because it cannot diffuse through their cell surface membranes. An investigation was carried out into the effect of various chemicals on the permeability of the cell surface membranes of beetroot cells. 1 cm3 samples were cut from the beetroot and washed in running water for 20 minutes to remove any pigment that was released from the damaged cells. Five experiments were carried out. In each experiment, one cube of beetroot was placed in liquid P and one cube placed in liquid Q, and the results were observed. Which row shows the correct results and conclusions?

row 1
row 2
row 3
row 4
row 5
Non so rispondere

28. If a cell divides by mitosis ten times, what is the number of cells at the end of the process? [Assume that all cells remain alive.]

Non so rispondere

29. Familial hypercholesterolaemia (FH) is an inherited disease caused by a dominant allele. People with FH have high concentrations of cholesterol in the blood, which can lead to an increased risk of coronary heart disease. The family tree shows the inheritance of this disease in one family. Which row shows the number of individuals in the family tree with each genotype?

row 1
row 2
row 3
row 4
row 5
Non so rispondere

30. The diagrams show some pathways between the central nervous system and effector organs in a healthy human. Which pathway is a possible route for impulses passing along a parasympathetic neuron?

Non so rispondere
Al termine del quiz è presente la valutazione finale con risposte corrette/errate