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  • Istruttore Direttivo dei Servizi Amministrativi - test inglese

    Tempo trascorso
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    1. Each of the 193 Member States of the United Nations is a member of the General Assembly. States are admitted to membership in the UN by a decision:

    Of the General Assembly upon the recommendation of the Security Council.
    Of the General Assembly upon the recommendation of the Economic and Social Council.
    Of the Security Council upon the recommendation of the International Court of Justice.
    Non so rispondere

    2. Leggere il brano e rispondere alle seguenti 5 domande. (2 - 6) The following extract is taken from the article "Universities need to be acknowledged say policymakers" published on the website eureporter.com on 9 September 2015. Please read it carefully. The study claims to provide "sound evidence" of how research universities make essential contributions to the European economy. One of the key findings is that research universities contributed a total economic value of €71.2 billion in gross value added (GVA) and supported 900,065 jobs across Europe in 2014. The study, the 'Economic Contribution of LERU Universities', was carried out for the League of European Research Universities (LERU) over 9 months by the independent consultancy BiGGAR Economics. Its authors say it contributes to a "much needed understanding and recognition of the multidimensional and far-reaching impact of research universities." Research universities, it says, attract over 50,000 students from outside the EU. This, it claims, contributes to European exports earnings, estimated at €1.7bn per year for the European economy through the fees they pay and their spending in the wider economy. The research universities sector is estimated to represent 2.2% of all GVA and 1.8% of all employment in the EU. According to the findings, for each €1 in GVA directly generated by the LERU universities, there was a total contribution of almost €6 to the European economy, and every job directly created by the LERU universities supported almost six jobs in the European economy. LERU SecretaryGeneral Professor Kurt Deketelaere said: "As the figures in the report demonstrate, investing in research, innovation and education really pays off. "In 2014, LERU universities received €16.3bn in income and generated a total economic impact of €71.2 billion. That implies that LERU universities generated €4.37 GVA for every €1 income earned". LERU Chairman Professor Alain Beretz added: "The wide impact of research universities (and universities in general) should be better acknowledged. As indicated in the report, the contribution of research universities is greater than that of the direct GVA and employment of the automotive industry, the pharmaceutical and real estate sectors in Europe. That is certainly not a negligible fact." The LERU-BiGGAR report provides "sound evidence" of how research universities make essential contributions to the European economy," he said. "Now it is up to the EU and national policymakers to do their part. "The impact of universities should be better understood and recognized, and their economic and societal contributions should be better taken into consideration by European and national policymakers. Providing universities with adequate funding will clearly benefit the European economy, contributing to Europe´s growth and competitiveness," he said. "However, although funding is certainly essential in allowing universities to develop their full potential, this remains insufficient if the appropriate framework conditions are not created." Deketelaere added: "On issues such as the EU Copyright reform, the General Data Protection Regulation or Open Access, we often fail to realize how much is at stake for European universities and, therefore, for the European economy and the internal market. "Although at first sight it might not be obvious to everyone, issues such as the lack of a text and data mining exception, barriers to the processing of personal data for scientific purposes or the absence of an EU level playing field in such domains are very closely related to the advancement of knowledge, to universities' activities and therefore, to Europe's competitiveness." Choose the correct option for each of the following questions. What could really let universities develop their full potential?

    More fundings in an adequate framework condition and more consideration by policymakers.
    A real and effective respect of what is stated in the EU Copyright reform.
    More substantial fundings.
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    3. What message is this article supposed to convey?

    The aim of the article, as LERU Chairman Professor Alain Beretz clearly points out, is to encourage young people to enrol in LERU universities.
    The article is supposed to prove the evidence of the fact that investing in education has a double beneficial effect: on one side it sustains knowledge and culture and on the other one it produces admirable economical results.
    The article conveys the message that only 900,065 jobs have been supported by University Researches across Europe in 2014, which means that the real potential of culture-related-job is not entirely exploited.
    Non so rispondere

    4. What does Alain Beretz mean by "The wide impact of research universities (and universities in general) should be better acknowledged"?

    It means that the positive results coming from research universities should be more officially recognised.
    It means that a deeper and wider knowledge could improve the results of research universities.
    It means that university research should be more economically supported.
    Non so rispondere

    5. Identify the correct sentence.

    In 2014 LERU universities generated a total economic impact that was more than the fourfold of the money they received as income.
    In 2014 LERU Universities generated an outcome of €16.3 billion.
    The research university sector raised by 2.2% only in 2014.
    Non so rispondere

    6. Identify the incorrect sentence.

    The automotive industry contributes to economy less than research universities.
    Research universities attract not only European students but also extra-European ones.
    Every job directly created by the LERU universities supports the double quantity of jobs in the European economy.
    Non so rispondere

    7. OPEC is:

    A multi-governmental organization headquartered in Kuwait which coordinates energy policies among oil-producing Arab nations.
    A regional intergovernmental political and economic union consisting of all Arab states of the Persian Gulf, except for Iraq.
    A permanent intergovernmental organization of 14 oil-exporting developing nations that coordinates and unifies the petroleum policies of its Member Countries.
    Non so rispondere

    8. The TRIPS agreement:

    Introduced intellectual property law into the international trading system for the first time and remains the most comprehensive international agreement on intellectual property to date.
    Is a general agreement on trade in services.
    Was a legal agreement between many countries, whose overall purpose was to promote international trade by reducing or eliminating trade barriers such as tariffs or quotas.
    Non so rispondere

    9. The OECD's origins date back to 1960, when 18 European countries plus the United States and Canada joined forces to create an organisation dedicated to economic development. Today, its 35 Member countries span the globe, from North and South America to Europe and Asia-Pacific. They include many of the world's most advanced countries but also emerging countries like:

    Mexico, Chile and Turkey.
    Mexico, Chile and India.
    Mexico, Brazil and Turkey.
    Non so rispondere

    10. The General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) covers international trade in goods. The workings of the GATT agreement are the responsibility of the Council for Trade in Goods (Goods Council) which is made up of representatives from all:

    WTO member countries.
    WHO member countries.
    ILO member countries.
    Non so rispondere